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University of Rochester Warner School of Education
Admissions Content Preparation - Earth Science Science (2012 standards)
 
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Part B - NSTA - Earth Science - Professional Organization Recommendations

NSTA 1. Content Teachers of science understand and can articulate the knowledge and practices of contemporary science. They can interrelate and interpret important concepts, ideas, and applications in their fields of licensure; and can conduct scientific investigations. To show that they are prepared in content, teachers of science must demonstrate that they:
NSTA 1.C.1. 1 Multiple way to organize Multiple ways we organize our perceptions of the world and how systems organize the studies and knowledge of science.
NSTA 1.C.1. 2 Scientific evidence and models Nature of scientific evidence and the use of models for explanation.
NSTA 1.C.1. 3 Measurement Measurement as a way of knowing and organizing observations of constancy and change.
NSTA 1.C.1. 4 Evolution of systems Evolution of natural systems and factors that result in evolution or equilibrium.
NSTA 1.C.1. 5 Interrelationships Interrelationships of form, function, and behaviors in living and nonliving systems.

NSTA 1.C.4.a Content - Earth Sciences - Core Competencies All teachers of the Earth and space sciences should be prepared lead students to understand the unifying concepts required of all teachers of science, and should in addition be prepared to lead students to understand:
NSTA 1.C.4.a. 1 Land, air and sea Characteristics of land, atmosphere, and ocean systems on Earth.
NSTA 1.C.4.a. 2 Measurement and classification Properties, measurement, and classification of Earth materials.
NSTA 1.C.4.a. 3 Geologic changes Changes in the Earth including land formation and erosion.
NSTA 1.C.4.a. 4 Geochemical cycles Geochemical cycles including biotic and abiotic systems.
NSTA 1.C.4.a. 5 Energy flow and transformation Energy flow and transformation in Earth systems.
NSTA 1.C.4.a. 6 Hydrological Hydrological features of the Earth.
NSTA 1.C.4.a. 7 Weather and climate Patterns and changes in the atmosphere, weather, and climate.
NSTA 1.C.4.a. 8 Planetary behaviors Origin, evolution, and planetary behaviors of Earth.
NSTA 1.C.4.a. 9 The universe Origin, evolution, and properties of the universe.
NSTA 1.C.4.a.10 Earth Science Inquiry Fundamental processes of investigating in the Earth and space sciences.
NSTA 1.C.4.a.11 Natural resources Sources and limits of natural resources.
NSTA 1.C.4.a.12 Environmental quality and health Applications of Earth and space sciences to environmental quality and to personal and community health and welfare.

NSTA 1.C.4.b Content - Earth Sciences - Advanced Competencies In addition to the core competencies, teachers of the Earth and space sciences as a primary field should be prepared to effectively lead students to understand:
NSTA 1.C.4.b.13 Changes in the Earth Gradual and catastrophic changes in the Earth.
NSTA 1.C.4.b.14 Oceans and the climate Oceans and their relationship to changes in atmosphere and climate.
NSTA 1.C.4.b.15 Hydrological cycles Hydrological cycles and problems of distribution and use of water.
NSTA 1.C.4.b.16 Dating earth/universe Dating of the Earth and other objects in the universe.
NSTA 1.C.4.b.17 Energy and matter Structures and interactions of energy and matter in the universe.
NSTA 1.C.4.b.18 Changes and life of Earth Impact of changes in the Earth on the evolution and distribution of living things.
NSTA 1.C.4.b.19 Human induced change Issues related to changes in Earth systems such as global climate change, mine subsidence, and channeling of waterways.
NSTA 1.C.4.b.20 History Historical development and perspectives in the Earth and space sciences, including contributions of significant figures and underrepresented groups, and the evolution of theories in these fields.
NSTA 1.C.4.b.21 Research How to design, conduct, and report research in the Earth and space sciences.
NSTA 1.C.4.b.22 Application Applications of the Earth and space sciences and related technologies in society, business, industry, and health fields.

NSTA 1.C.4.c Content - Earth Sciences - Supporting Competencies All teachers of Earth and space sciences should be prepared to effectively apply concepts from other sciences and mathematics to the teaching of Earth and space sciences including concepts of:
NSTA 1.C.4.c.23 Biology Biology, including evolution, ecology, population dynamics, and the flow of energy and materials through Earth systems.
NSTA 1.C.4.c.24 Chemistry Chemistry, including broad concepts and basic laboratory techniques of inorganic and organic chemistry, physical chemistry, and biochemistry.
NSTA 1.C.4.c.25 Physics Physics, including electricity, forces and motion, energy, magnetism, thermodynamics, optics, and sound; as well as basic quantum theory.
NSTA 1.C.4.c.26 Mathematics Mathematics, including statistics and probability.
 
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