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University of Rochester Warner School of Education
Admissions Content Preparation - Biology Science (2012 standards)
 
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Part B - NSTA - Biology - Professional Organization Recommendations

NSTA 1. Content Teachers of science understand and can articulate the knowledge and practices of contemporary science. They can interrelate and interpret important concepts, ideas, and applications in their fields of licensure; and can conduct scientific investigations. To show that they are prepared in content, teachers of science must demonstrate that they:
NSTA 1.C.1. 1 Multiple way to organize Multiple ways we organize our perceptions of the world and how systems organize the studies and knowledge of science.
NSTA 1.C.1. 2 Scientific evidence and models Nature of scientific evidence and the use of models for explanation.
NSTA 1.C.1. 3 Measurement Measurement as a way of knowing and organizing observations of constancy and change.
NSTA 1.C.1. 4 Evolution of systems Evolution of natural systems and factors that result in evolution or equilibrium.
NSTA 1.C.1. 5 Interrelationships Interrelationships of form, function, and behaviors in living and nonliving systems.

NSTA 1.C.2.a Content - Biology - Core Competencies All teachers of biology should be prepared to lead students to understand the unifying concepts required of all teachers of science, and should in addition be prepared to lead students to understand:
NSTA 1.C.2.a. 1 Living systems processes and organization Life processes in living systems including organization of matter and energy.
NSTA 1.C.2.a. 2 Similarities and differences Similarities and differences among animals, plants, fungi, microorganisms, and viruses.
NSTA 1.C.2.a. 3 Biological classification Principles and practices of biological classification.
NSTA 1.C.2.a. 4 Evolution Scientific theory and principles of biological evolution.
NSTA 1.C.2.a. 5 Ecological systems Ecological systems including the interrelationships and dependencies of organisms with ach other and their environments.
NSTA 1.C.2.a. 6 Population dynamics Population dynamics and the impact of population on its environment.
NSTA 1.C.2.a. 7 Genetics and heredity General concepts of genetics and heredity.
NSTA 1.C.2.a. 8 Cells and organisms Organization and functions of cells and multicellular systems.
NSTA 1.C.2.a. 9 Behavior of organisms Behavior of organisms and their relationships to social systems.
NSTA 1.C.2.a.10 Regulation of systems Regulation of biological systems including homeostatic mechanisms.
NSTA 1.C.2.a.11 Modeling and investigation Fundamental processes of modeling and investigating in the biological sciences.
NSTA 1.C.2.a.12 Environmental quality and health Applications of biology in environmental quality and in personal and community health.

NSTA 1.C.2.b Content - Biology - Advanced Competencies In addition to these core competencies, teachers of biology as a primary field should be prepared to effectively lead students to understand:
NSTA 1.C.2.b.13 Bioenergetics Bioenergetics including major biochemical pathways.
NSTA 1.C.2.b.14 Biochemistry Biochemical interactions of organisms with their environments.
NSTA 1.C.2.b.15 Genetics and heredity (modification) Molecular genetics and heredity and mechanisms of genetic modification.
NSTA 1.C.2.b.16 Evolution (molecular basis) Molecular basis for evolutionary theory and classification.
NSTA 1.C.2.b.17 Diseases Causes, characteristics and avoidance of viral, bacterial, and parasitic diseases.
NSTA 1.C.2.b.18 Living system issues Issues related to living systems such as genetic modification, uses of biotechnology, cloning, and pollution from farming.
NSTA 1.C.2.b.19 Historical development Historical development and perspectives in biology including contributions of significant figures and underrepresented groups, and the evolution of theories in biology.
NSTA 1.C.2.b.20 Research How to design, conduct, and report research in biology.
NSTA 1.C.2.b.21 Applications Applications of biology and biotechnology in society, business, industry, and health fields.

NSTA 1.C.2.c Content - Biology - Supporting Competencies All teachers of biology should also be prepared to effectively apply concepts from other sciences and mathematics to the teaching of biology including basic concepts of:
NSTA 1.C.2.c.22 Chemistry Chemistry, including general chemistry and biochemistry with basic laboratory techniques.
NSTA 1.C.2.c.23 Physics Physics including light, sound, optics, electricity, energy and order, magnetism, and thermodynamics.
NSTA 1.C.2.c.24 Earth and space sciences Earth and space sciences including energy and geochemical cycles, climate, oceans, weather, natural resources, and changes in the Earth.
NSTA 1.C.2.c.25 Mathematics Mathematics, including probability and statistics.
 
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